Highly public and embarrassing data breaches have made access control and security top of mind for CIOs and consumers alike. This security-conscious mindset has put identity governance in the spotlight. This emerging approach enables business managers to treat access control as a security check to better protect a business and its data.
What Is Identity Governance?
Identity governance is:
- A security control
- A safeguard against insider threats
- A means of effective communications between the business, IT, and audit
- And a lot more …
Identity governance meshes access management with information security for a defense-in-depth security control. Identity governance differs from identity access management in that identity governance not only defines and enforces identity access policy; but, it also correlates identity access management functions with audit and compliance requirements.
What Can Identity Governance Do for Your Organization?
With detailed analytics, identity governance can help your business make better access decisions. This helps business managers decide on––and verify who––has access to what information. This also allows managers to limit access to only the information that people need to do perform a job or specific set of tasks. Identity governance tools help you answer the question “Who has access to what?” with certainty and detail.
How Do You Implement Identity Governance in Your Organization?
Gartner sites the following as core Identity Governance and Administration (IGA) functions:
- Identity life cycle management
- Access requests
- Workflow orchestration
- Role and policy management
- Access certification
- Fulfillment via automated provisioning and service tickets
- Reporting and analytics
- Password management
Businesses can deploy an identity governance solution that helps guide decisions about users’ access and handles all of the previously mentioned functions.
Some IGA solutions combine identity governance with user administration and provisioning, identity analytics and intelligence, data and application authorization, and data access governance. And solutions that merge and automate provisioning and information security are growing in popularity.
Identity Governance as the Way Forward
The idea that provisioning and access management should be treated as two separate tasks is outdated. Today's identity governance and administration practices strive to ensure access is verifiable and limited to only what each individual needs in order to perform their role. This approach is required not only for compliance, security, and risk management but also to avoid the embarrassing and costly consequences of a data breach.